Online course: Structuring Values in Modern China (part of the Long term online programme: History of China)

Dates: any time

Duration: 25 hours

Rating: 4.6 / 5.0 out of 15 ratings (see top rating courses here)

Participating countries: any country

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Organizer: The Chinese University of Hong Kong at Coursera


  • FREE
  • $49 with sharable certificate

Structuring Values in Modern China

This sequence of four courses will propose a multi-disciplinary approach to the study of Chinese cultural history conceived of as a succession of modes of rationality (philosophical, bureaucratic, and economic). The focus will be on the moments of paradigm shift from one mode of rationality to another. For each of these moments, cultural facts and artifacts—thought, literature, ritual—will be examined in relationship to changing social, political, and economic systems.

The first two courses will cover the periods of the Warring States (481-256 BCE) and the Period of Division (220-589 CE), with a brief excursion into the Han (206 BCE-220 CE). The Warring States laid the social and cultural foundations for the emergence of the imperial mode of rationality; the Period of Division saw the Buddhist “conquest” of China and the emergence of a rationality defined by the opposition of the Three Teachings to shamanism, that is, of a clear contrast between elite and popular culture. The third and fourth courses will focus on the emergence of modern China in the Song-Yuan (960-1368) and of today’s China 1850 to the present. We will see how the modern attack on religion, redefined as “superstition”, led not only to religious reform movements but also to a society in which science and the nation became the primary value systems promoted by the state. The courses are listed below: A Critical Cultural History of China – Early China I: Intellectual Change in the Warring States and Han (481 BCE-220 CE) A Critical Cultural History of China – Early China II: Religious Transformation in the Period of Division (220-589 CE) A Critical Cultural History of China – Modern China I: Religion and Thought in the Song, Jin, and Yuan (960-1368) A Critical Cultural History of China – Modern China II: Structuring Values (1850-2015)


WEEK 1: 5 hours to complete

Module 21 Religion and Modernity

This module explains how science, the market, and the nation became the new structuring values of the intellectual elite in the 20th century and how this led to the destruction of traditional religions; how these religions resisted and incorporated the new values.

M21.1 Introduction
M21.2 Out with the Old
M21.3.1 Science
M21.3.2 Nation
M21.3.3 Market
M21.4.1 Redemptive societies
M21.4.2 Gender

WEEK 2: 1 hour to complete

Module 22 Economics

This module introduces how the traditional Chinese vision of the role of government militated against the development of market-based economics, how the science of economics came into being in 20th century China and how this profoundly modified the practice of government and the way human subjectivity is understood.

M22.1 Statecraft in China
M22.2 A modern market economy

WEEK 3: 3 hours to complete

Module 23 Science and Scientism

We are going to learn the distinction between science and scientism, how scientism was used to justify the rejection of traditional religions, and how a more accurate assessment of the nature of science re-opens a space for more traditional moral and religious concerns.

M23.1 Before the conflict
M23.2 The emergence of scientism
M23.3 The heyday of scientism
M23.4 The ongoing debate

WEEK 4: 4 hours to complete

Module 24 Gender

This module is about the role of gender bias among the intellectual elite in the 20th century and how various religious traditions, by contrast, promoted women’s empowerment over against the “public patriarchy”.

M24.1 Introduction
M24.2.1 Protestantism
M24.2.2 Popular religion
M24.2.3 Buddhism
M24.3.1 May Fourth
M24.3.2 The CCP
M24.4 Conclusion

WEEK 5: 4 hours to complete

Module 25 Redemptive societies and charity halls

This module presents how lay religious movements, especially spirit writing groups, responded to the crisis of Chinese society in the 19th and 20th centuries; how groups like the Yiguandao went from political repression to acceptance; and how charity in modern China is inseparable from the history of these lay organizations.

M25.1 A sense of mission
M25.2.1 The end-times
M25.2.2 The dual structure
M25.3 The Yiguandao
M25.4 Taiwan
M25.5 Two patterns

WEEK 6: 2 hours to complete

Module 26 Charismatic Christianity

This module states the power of attraction of charismatic Protestantism today, especially for women, its primarily indigenous origins and its similarities with other forms of popular religion.

M26.1 Charismatic10m
M26.2 Indigenous4m
M26.3 Grassroots7m
M26.4 Postscript6m

WEEK 7: 6 hours to complete

Module 27 By Way of Conclusion

This module indicates the differences between Chinese and Western dualism and how they were impacted by their different writing systems; the meaning of the terms “patriarchal” and “humanistic” as applied to Chinese culture; how Chinese elite and popular culture were separated by a wide gap that has not yet been closed.

M27.1 Chinese and Western dualism
M27.2 Morphological thinking
M27.3 Daoist dualities
M27.4 Alternating or conflicting dualities?
M27.5 Daoxue dualism
M27.6 The role of writing
M27.7 Mitigated dualism
M27.8 Patriarchy with Chinese characteristics
M27.9 Chinese humanism

Long term programme

Name of the course Category Educator Price Duration (hours) Score Number of ratings
Structuring Values in Modern China History, Culture The Chinese University of Hong Kong FREE 25 4.6 15
Religion and Thought in Modern China: the Song, Jin, and Yuan History, Culture The Chinese University of Hong Kong FREE 28 4.6 27
Intellectual Change in Early China: Warring States and Han History, Culture The Chinese University of Hong Kong FREE 23 4.7 68
Religious Transformation in Early China: the Period of Division History, Culture The Chinese University of Hong Kong FREE 22 4.8 27